That board actually features control over UART as an option, so you can either use an Arduino to read your sensors and send commands over UART, or use a switch IC (I’ve never worked with them but I’ve got colleagues who swear by them).
Take a look at the Adafruit tutorial to get an idea how you’d go about this one:
The trigger inputs are GPIO pins wired for active low operation. That means that they are at a high logic level by default, and operate when pulled to a low logic level. The switch does this by connecting the pin to GND. Any device that can create a low logic level signal can be connected to a trigger. The Audio FX Remote Conrol example shows how to use a device that operates with an active high logic level by using a logic inverter.
This is an example of a sensor that operates with an active low logic signal:
Thank you for your response and that helpful link.
I read through it and went on a 30 min adventure learning what GPIO and UARTs were.
Just to clarify, when you say I can control my speakers by UART.
Do you mean I need to have my Arduino connected to my computer at all times? And I need to type my commands into the serial monitor to control the speakers?
I was hoping to not have it connected to my computer, as I wanted my robot to sing on its own.
No, you don’t need to have your computer connected to your Arduino, UART (Universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter) simply infers the serial connection between the Arduino and the FX Sound Board uses this protocol for communication (it’s not really a protocol and more of a description of the standards of operation of a particular device over serial, but that’s the simplest way to describe it in this case)
So you can write code on your Uno to send serial either at certain times, when certain conditions are met, or both in Arduscript (Basically C ) and control the breakout that way. As Jeff suggested, you can use a PIR sensor such as the one he linked as a potential input for your Arduino which you can then detect with a digitalRead() appropriately.
You’re a bit spoiled for choice with options here. I believe Jeff’s final suggestion was the most basic way to trigger the board. You connect the alarm pin of the Digital Infrared Motion Sensor to the trigger input, when the motion sensor detects motion it will drag the logic level of the trigger input low.
This is exactly what a push-button switch does (for active low systems).
The two are not exclusive. Remote control can be a simple on/off command, like a garage door opener. It can have more more than one on/off button, like a TV remote control. Control through the UART could be by wireless and involves any sort of command you can think of, providing the receiving device is configured to understand that command.
But a simple on/off switch, a switch panel, or a UART device could be directly wired into the receiving device, avoiding any need for a remote communication such as infrared or wireless.
That is a whole nother topic… Generally, you would use what someone has already done for something similar, and modify it for your particular setup, so it will involve a certain amount of programming knowledge. There is unlikely to be an off-the-shelf solution, although with the volume of material available you would probably find something pretty close.